What is the biggest illusion in India, and why?

Most Indians like to travel from one place to another place. There are various places in India that are meant only for unbelievable optical illusions. You must visit these places or you can see a museum of illusions New Delhi Photos. Some of the places are listed below:

The Illusion of a Merit-Based Society

India prides itself on being the world’s largest democracy, with a population of over 1.3 billion people from diverse ethnic, religious and linguistic backgrounds living together. However, beneath the surface lies one of the biggest illusions – that the Indian society operates based purely on merit and anyone can succeed through hard work and talent alone. In reality, caste and other forms of social hierarchies continue to hold back large sections of the population in subtle and systematic ways.

Defining Caste Discrimination

The caste system in India formally divides Hindus into four main categories – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. At the bottom of this pyramidal social structure are the Dalits, formerly known as ‘untouchables’, who have faced severe discrimination and oppression for centuries. While the Indian Constitution abolished untouchability and guaranteed equality for all citizens, the practice of caste discrimination in various forms persists even today. At the heart of this is the belief that one’s caste determines their occupation, social status, access to opportunities and treatment by others.

Subtle yet Powerful Prejudices

While overt, violent acts of discrimination have reduced over time, deeply entrenched social prejudices against certain castes continue to subtly influence people’s minds and behavior in both private and public spheres. For example, while India has reservation policies for government jobs and education to promote social justice, the opportunities that are actually made available through social networks remain disproportionately accessible to upper castes. Getting married within one’s own caste/community is also still a strong social norm in large parts of the country.

Unequal Access to Resources

Historically marginalized castes and indigenous communities often live in poorer, isolated areas with lack basic amenities and have very little access to resources like land, capital, education, and healthcare – all of which are crucial for social mobility. Even programs aimed at uplifting such disadvantaged groups have often failed due to corruption and unequal implementation that benefits dominant castes. This perpetuates intergenerational inequality and denies equal opportunities guaranteed by the Constitution.

The Persistence of “Untouchability”

While physical segregation and exclusion of Dalits from public places have been legally banned, the mindset of considering them “polluting” or “inferior” remains deeply ingrained. Atrocities against Dalits, including violence, social boycott, and denial of basic rights continue to be commonly reported across many states in India. They are often given the most menial, demeaning jobs and a disproportionate number live in abject poverty with little voice or representation in power structures.

Preserving Social Hierarchy

Dominant castes seek to maintain their social status quo and privileges through subtle yet powerful discriminatory norms and regulations. For example, the banning of inter-caste marriages threatens to fine or ostracize consenting couples. Caste panchayats in villages still hold kangaroo courts to police caste codes and punish transgressions. The politicization of caste has also allowed some non-meritorious upper caste groups to claim “backward” status and usurp reservation benefits meant for SCs/STs.

The Illusion of a Meritocratic System

While India has developed economically with a sizable middle class, the mobility of certain social groups, especially Dalits, remains largely unchanged and they constitute a disproportionate number below the poverty line. Reservation cannot undo ages of socio-economic exclusion overnight. Unless discrimination at institutional and societal levels is uprooted, and marginalized groups get truly equal access to resources, the biggest illusion in India will be that of a level-playing field or a society where one succeeds solely based on talent and effort. The insidious nature of caste ensures that inherent, deep-rooted social prejudices, not just a person’s skills and potential, determine their life outcomes and position in the social hierarchy.


There are various where a person can see unbelievable illusions in India. Every illusion is different so you must see these illusions once in your life or visit the museum of illusions New Delhi.

Also, Read: Museum of Illusions New Delhi Tickets

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